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THE MAXIMS AND PRINCIPLES OF JURISDICTION
AND ADJUDICATION


Maxims of Jurisdiction: [Gibson's Suits In Chancery, 5th Ed., p. 50.]

Maxims of Adjudication: "The Twelve Tables of Equity" [Gibson's Suits In Chancery, 5th Ed., p. 62.]




MATTER						CHANCERY		CIRCUIT
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General Jurisdiction (Law) 			16-11-102		16-10-101

						Concurrent*

*Except for (i) unliquidated damages for injuries to person or character, or 
unliquidated damages for injuries to property not resulting from a breach of 
contract.  Where objection is taken by plea to jurisdiction for these exceptions,
Chancery Court must transfer to Circuit Court. Where objection is not taken 
by plea to jurisdiction, Chancery Court may (i) transfer to Circuit Court or 
(ii) hear upon the principles of a court of law.

N.B.:  When a court of chancery takes jurisdiction of a case under its inherent
jurisdiction it may decide all issues involved in the matter in order to prevent
 a multiplicity of actions.  

A.  Industrial Dev. Bd. v. Hancock, 901 S.W.2D 382 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1995).
______________________________________________________________________________

Crimes & Misdemeanors				    X			16-10-102

									Exclusive
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Will Contest					32-4-109		16-10-103

						Concurrent
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Restoration of Citizenship to Persons		    X			16-10-104

Rendered Infamous							Exclusive
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Arbitration Awards				16-11-112		16-10-105

						Concurrent
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Debts & Demands on Contract			16-11-102*		16-10-106*

*Concurrent with General Sessions Court, but not less than $50.  See also 16-16-112.
______________________________________________________________________________

Name Change-Legitimation			16-10-107		16-10-107

						Concurrent		Concurrent
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Divorce-Adoption				16-11-110		16-10-108

						Concurrent		Concurrent
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Partition & Sale of Property			16-11-111		16-10-109

						29-27-106		Concurrent
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Appointment & Removal of Trustees		35-1-101*		

						Exclusive 

*Chancery and other courts having probate jurisdiction which could include Circuit 
in some jurisdictions. 
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Abatement of Nuisances				16-11-101		16-10-110

						16-11-103		Concurrent
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Equity Powers					16-11-101*		16-10-111*

						16-11-103		

*Where objection is made by plea to equitable jurisdiction, matter must be transferred 
to Chancery Court. Where objection is not taken by plea to equitable jurisdiction, 
Circuit Court may (i) transfer matter to Chancery Court or (ii) hear upon the principles
of a court of equity.
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Appellate					    X			16-10-112
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Proceedings in Aid of Execution			16-11-104 	    	    X		

						Exclusive
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Probate						16-16-201		    X

						Exclusive
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Applications for Homestead			30-2-202*		30-2-202*

*Concurrent with Probate Court.
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To Set Aside Fraudulent Conveyances		29-12-101*

*The statute does not refer to jurisdiction, but there are cases supporting that such 
jurisdiction is conferred upon Chancery Courts and not Circuit Courts.
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Election Contests				2-17-101*		2-17-101*

*Chancery has jurisdiction "except as otherwise expressly provided in [Title 2, Chapter 17]"
Thus, Circuit Court has jurisdiction over contests for: offices of general assembly 
members [T.C.A. 2-17-102]; presidential and vice-presidential electors [T.C.A. 2-17-103];
primary elections [T.C.A. 2-17-104]. Jurisdiction for gubernatorial elections is granted to
the general assembly [T.C.A. 2-18-101].
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Condemnation & Reverse Condemnation		29-16-123*

*The statute does not refer to jurisdiction, but there are cases supporting that such 
jurisdiction is conferred upon Circuit Courts and not Chancery Courts.
______________________________________________________________________________

Governmental Tort Liability Act			    X			29-20-307

									Exclusive*

*However, to its jurisdictional monitary limit, General Sessions has concurrent 
jurisdiction in counties with more than 600,000 population.
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Worker's Compensation Actions &			50-6-225*		50-6-225*

Settlements					50-6-206*		50-6-206*

*Can be heard in Criminal Court as well.	Concurrent		Concurrent
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Review of Tennessee Human Rights		4-21-307		4-21-307

Commission Orders				Concurrent		Concurrent
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Review Orders to Correct Defects in		68-221-106		    X

Water Supply or Sewage System			Exclusive
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Corporate Dissolution				48-24-301		48-24-301

						Concurrent		Concurrent
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Judicial Appraisal of Dissenter's		48-23-301		16-10-111		

Shares in Corporation							Concurrent*

*While it may be argued Circuit Court may have concurrent jurisdiction pursuant to 
this statute, bear in mind that where objection is made by plea to equitable jurisdiction, 
matter must be transferred to Chancery Court. Where objection is not taken by plea to 
equitable jurisdiction, Circuit Court may (i) transfer matter to Chancery Court or (ii) hear
upon the principles of a court of equity.
______________________________________________________________________________

Suits by State Against Corporations		16-11-105		     X(1)	

(1)Does jurisdiction exist for Circuit Court through T.C.A. 16-10-111, whereby Circuit Court
has power to perform functions of Chancery Court in "any suit of an equitable nature"?  As
this matter historically is not "of an equitable nature", argument can be made that Circuit 
Court has no concurrent jurisdiction in this matter.  But see Burks v. Gobble, 21 TAM 36-17
(Tenn. App., M.S., Todd, 1996.) wherein court held that if there is no objection, circuit 
court has jurisdiction in boundary disputes.  Logic of allowing agreed jurisdiction in
16-11-106 may apply here as well.
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Boundary Disputes				16-11-106		    X(1)

(1)Does jurisdiction exist for Circuit Court through T.C.A. 16-10-111, whereby Circuit Court
has power to perform functions of Chancery Court in "any suit of an equitable nature"?  As
this matter historically is not "of an equitable nature", argument can be made that Circuit 
Court has no concurrent jurisdiction in this matter.  But see Burks v. Gobble, 21 TAM 36-17
(Tenn. App., M.S., Todd, 1996.) wherein court held that if there is no objection, circuit
court has jurisdiction here as well.  Logic of allowing agreed jurisdiction in 16-11-106 may
apply here as well.

[NB: Under this statute Plaintiff has only to prove Plaintiff is the true owner of Blackacre.
If however, Plaintiff proceeds in ejectment, Plaintiff must show a complete deraignment of
title from the state or a common source of title.
______________________________________________________________________________

Suits on Foreign Judgments			16-11-107		    X(1)			
(1)Does jurisdiction exist for Circuit Court through T.C.A. 16-10-111, whereby Circuit Court 
has power to perform functions of Chancery Court in "any suit of an equitable nature"?  As 
this matter historically is not "of an equitable nature", argument can be made that Circuit 
Court has no concurrent jurisdiction in this matter.  But see Burks v. Gobble, 21 TAM 36-17
(Tenn. App., M.S., Todd, 1996.) wherein court held that if there is no objection, circuit court
has jurisdiction in boundary disputes.  Logic of allowing agreed jurisdiction in 16-11-106 may
apply here as well.
__________________________________________________________________________

Persons of Unsound Minds			16-11-108		    X(1)		
(1)Does jurisdiction exist for Circuit Court through T.C.A. 16-10-111, whereby Circuit Court 
has power to perform functions of Chancery Court in "any suit of an equitable nature"?  As 
this matter historically is not "of an equitable nature", argument can be made that Circuit 
Court has no concurrent jurisdiction in this matter.  But see Burks v. Gobble, 21 TAM 36-17
(Tenn. App., M.S., Todd, 1996.) wherein court held that if there is no objection, circuit court
has jurisdiction in boundary disputes.  Logic of allowing agreed jurisdiction in 16-11-106 may
apply here as well.
______________________________________________________________________________

Infants and Guardians				16-11-109		    X(1)		
(1)Does jurisdiction exist for Circuit Court through T.C.A. 16-10-111, whereby Circuit Court 
has power to perform functions of Chancery Court in "any suit of an equitable nature"?  As 
this matter historically is not "of an equitable nature", argument can be made that Circuit 
Court has no concurrent jurisdiction in this matter.  But see Burks v. Gobble, 21 TAM 36-17
(Tenn. App., M.S., Todd, 1996.) wherein court held that if there is no objection, circuit court
has jurisdiction in boundary disputes.  Logic of allowing agreed jurisdiction in 16-11-106 may
apply here as well.
______________________________________________________________________________

Appointment of Administrator of			16-11-113		    X(1)	

Decedent's Estate				30-1-301
(1)Does jurisdiction exist for Circuit Court through T.C.A. 16-10-111, whereby Circuit Court
has power to perform functions of Chancery Court in "any suit of an equitable nature"?  As 
this matter historically is not "of an equitable nature", argument can be made that Circuit 
Court has no concurrent jurisdiction in this matter.  But see Burks v. Gobble, 21 TAM 36-17
(Tenn. App., M.S., Todd, 1996.) wherein court held that if there is no objection, circuit court
has jurisdiction in boundary disputes.  Logic of allowing agreed jurisdiction in 16-11-106 may
apply here as well.
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ITEMS CURRENTLY BEING RESEARCHED: 
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Zoning Appeals
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Administrative Procedures Appeals		4-5-322

						4-5-316
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Beer Board Appeals

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Credit Union Board of Appeals Review		45-4-1113		45-4-1113

______________________________________________________________________________

City of Chattanooga Employee

Pension Board Appeals

______________________________________________________________________________

Review of Apportionment by			5-1-111

County Legislative Bodies

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Cosmetologists: Injunctions of Violations	62-4-129		62-4-129

						Concurrent		Concurrent
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Enjoin Debt Adjusters				39-14-142		39-14-142

						Concurrent		Concurrent
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Preferences in Rehabilitation and		56-9-317*
Liquidation of Insurance Companies

*Chancery Court of Davidson County?
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